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Bismuth Single Crystal 83Bi208.980

Known in the fifteenth century, discoverer unknown.

[German: bisemutum] French: bismuth
German: bismut
Italian: bismuto
Spanish: bismuto

Description: Bismuth is a brittle metal with a silvery lustre and an pink tinge. It is stable to oxygen and water, but dissolves in concentrated HNO3. Bismuth is used in alloys, pharmaceuticals, electronics, catalysts, cosmetics and pigments. The metal expands on solidification.

Metal single crystal properties
State: single crystal
Crystal structure: rhombohedral
Production method: Bridgman
Standard size: diameter 12mm
thickness 1-2mm
Orientation: (100), (110) and (111)
Orientation accuracy: <2°, <1°, <0.5° or <0.1°
Polishing: as cut, one or two sides polished
Roughness of surface: <0.03µm
Purity: 99.999%
Typical analysis (ppm): C 3
H < 1
O 9
N < 5
Cu 1.60
Fe 1.80
Ni < 1
Pb 0.30
Si 0.30
Ga, Hf and Ta are below the detection limit