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Nickel single crystal 28Ni58.71

Discovered in 1801 by C. Hatchett at London, England.

[Greek: niobe = daughter of Tantalus of Greek mythology] French: niobium
German: niobium
Italian: niobio
Spanish: niobio

Nickel is a silvery-white, lustrous, malleable and ductile metal. it resists corrosion, but is soluble in acids (except HNO3), yet unaffected by alkali's. It is used in alloys, especially stainless steel, in coins, metal plating, and catalysts.

Metal single crystal properties
State: single crystal
Crystal structure: fcc
Production method: Czochralski
Standard size: diameter 10-20mm
thickness 1-2mm
Orientation: (100), (110) and (111)
Orientation accuracy: <2°, <1°, <0.5° or <0.1°
Polishing: as cut, one or two sides polished
Roughness of surface: <0.03µm
Purity: 99.99%
Typical analysis (ppm): As 1.0 at%
B < 0.1 at%
Be < 0.1 at%
Br < 1.0 at%
C 20 at%
Ca < 0.4 at%
Co < 0.5 at%
Cl < 0.4 at%
Cu 4.0 at%
F < 0.1 at%
Fe 25 at%
K 1.0 at%
Li < 0.1 at%
Mg < 0.1 at%
Mn < 0.1 at%
N 5 at%
Na < 0.1 at%
O 15 at%
P < 0.1 at%
S < 0.3 at%
Sc < 0.1 at%
Se < 0.5 at%
Si 14 at%
Sn 2.0 at%
Ti 3.0 at%
V < 0.1 at%
Zn 3.0 at%
Ni balance