Ruthenium Single Crystal 44Ru101.07

Ruthenium was discovered in 1808 by J.A. Sniadecki at the University of Vilno, Poland. Rediscovered in 1828 by G.W. Osann at the University of Tartu, Russia.

[Latin: ruthenia = Russia] French: ruthénium
German: ruthenium
Italian: rutenio
Spanish: rutenio

Description: Ruthenium is a lustrous, silvery metal of the so-called platinum group. It is unaffected by air, water and acids, but dissolves in molten alkalis. Ruthenium is used to harden platinum an palladium metals, and as a catalyst.


Metal single crystal properties
State: single crystal
Crystal structure: hexagonal
Production method: Floating zone
Standard size: diameter 6-8mm
thickness 1-2mm
Orientation: (0001), (+1-100) and (11-20)
Orientation accuracy: <2°, <1°, <0.5° or <0.1°
Polishing: as cut, one or two sides polished
Roughness of surface: <0.03µm
Purity: 99.99%
Typical analysis (ppm): Ag < 1
Au 2
Ca 17
Cu 2
Cr 3
Fe 10
Ir 25
Mg 3
Mn < 1
Os 40
Pb 2
Ru balance